The children will read many genres of literature, both fiction and non-fiction, by a wide variety of beloved authors. Reading daily at school and at home helps a child to develop greater fluency, expression, vocabulary, and comprehension.
The following decoding strategies and retelling bookmarks are used during reading in school. Click to download them for your child to use while reading at home:
Decoding Strategies Bookmark
Reading is thinking! Good readers use the following comprehension strategies to help them build understanding.
1. Make Connections (Text to Self, Text to Text, Text to World)
To make meaning, connect what you already know from life experience or other texts you've read to what you are reading.
2. Make Predictions
Look at the cover, title, and illustrations to make predictions prior to and during reading. Verify or revise predictions as you continue to read.
2. Infer (Connect Your Own Ideas to What You Read)
Inferences are not explicitly stated by the author; it is something the reader thinks. Use your own ideas to help you understand what you read. Use the illustrations or words in the text as clues to help you make inferences.You can make predictions, ask questions, draw conclusions, or interpret information to strengthen your understanding of your text.
3. Visualize (Create Images)
Use your five senses to create sensory images in your mind as you read to add meaning to your text. Visualize a movie in your mind when you read.
4. Ask Questions (Who, What, Where, When, and How)
Ask questions before, during, and after you read to help you understand and focus attention on the meaning of the text.
5. Determine Importance (Determine the Big Idea, Find the Author's Purpose) Think about the main ideas of the text. Differentiate between important and unimportant information.
6. Synthesize (Retelling and Summarizing)
As you read a text, bring your ideas together to make a new idea. Allow your thoughts and feelings to change throughout the reading to determine meaning.
7. Monitor Comprehension and Meaning
Check to make sure you understand what you read. Be aware of when you understand or don't understand what you read. If you don't understand a word, a phrase, or a whole passage, use fix-up strategies to clarify your understanding.
8. Use Fix-Up Strategies
Some fix-up strategies include: skipping ahead, rereading part or all of the text, using picture or context clues, using phonetic clues, breaking a word into chunks, asking questions, and reading aloud.